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B.33 tgroup: Calculates aggregate functions on groups of rows

tgroup identifies groups of rows in a table based on the values in a given column or columns, and calculates statistical quantities or otherwise collapses down the multiple values from other columns into single values representing each group. It does the same job as a SELECT ... GROUP BY statement with aggregate functions in ADQL/SQL.

The keys parameter defines how input rows are grouped, and the aggcols parameter defines what quantities to aggregate from the rows in each group. keys specifies one or more values (column names or expresssions) that must be the same for rows grouped together, while aggcols specifies zero or more columns to be added based on the content of rows in each group. The output table therefore contains one column for each entry in keys and one column for each entry in aggcols, and has one row for each group identified.

This command can therefore be used to count rows or calculate statistical quantities per group. A number of statistical aggregation methods are provided such as mean, median, minimum, maximum etc. For more specialised requirements, for instance quantiles or custom statistics, you can also use the array aggregators which generate an array containing all of the values in the group, and operate on the resulting column using one of the functions in the Arrays class.

By way of comparison, the tgroup invocation:

   stilts tgroup in=t
                 keys="year detector"
                 aggcols="0;count;num gmag;min;min_gmag gmag;mean"
corresponds roughly to the ADQL query:
   SELECT COUNT(*) AS num, MIN(gmag) AS min_gmag, MEAN(gmag),
   FROM t
   GROUP BY year, detector

See also the tgridmap and tskymap commands, which provide similar functionality where the grouping is over evenly spaced numeric/coordinate values.


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STILTS - Starlink Tables Infrastructure Library Tool Set
Starlink User Note256
STILTS web page: http://www.starlink.ac.uk/stilts/
Author email: m.b.taylor@bristol.ac.uk
Mailing list: topcat-user@jiscmail.ac.uk